i) Document important learning's on Peacebuilding
With the help of KS fund, the project requested good practices in building community peace with it’s partner organizations. The team compiled some of these good practices, published and disseminated to it’s partners and community. There are two materials published “Compilation of Case Story” in Nepali language and 9 sets of information, communication and learning materials. These 9 sets provide relevant information on the topic of community peace, conflict resolution; DO No Harm, Social Inclusion, Rights Based Approach, Human Rights, Social Analysis, Public Audit, Conflict and its Effects. Beside this, few best stories have been translated to English too.
With the encouragement of team, our partner organization has started sharing their own knowledge to like minded organization, stakeholders and community. On June 5, 2007 CARE UJYALO team participated in USAID Shair fare where the team took the opportunity to share peacebuilding knowledge through the above published materials.
In this connection, UJYALO program in partnership with SAMAYA Magazine (fortnightly Nepali) is publishing 11 pages articles on publishing effort of community on promoting peace. Through this magazine, the knowledge of peacebuilding was disseminated to many wide audience including political parties, government agencies, non-government sectors and different Networks.
ii) Sharing workshop on Peacebuilding Knowledge
During the CARE UJYALO Extended Program Management Team Meeting (EPMT) from April 3-6, 2007, knowledge sharing was one of the important sessions, where partners and CARE team shared and learned from each other. During this period, the learning was focused on sustainability aspect of programs. Partner of one district shared their good practices and approaches they took for the sustainability of various initiatives (i.e peace promotion centre, local resource person’s mobilization). The partners of other district learned many relevant ways so that they can replicate this knowledge in theirs district too. All the partners appreciated this process of sharing knowledge and experiences by face-to-face method and are encouraged to use this process in their other programs too
Two round of presentation session (Kathamndu on 11 June 2007 and Nepalgunj on 12 June 2007) were organized for CARE Nepal’s senior team and other staff to share our key learning’s, achievements and challenges. The team appreciated team’s peacebuilding knowledge and practices. Many suggestions were also provided to continue such efforts in the coming years. The senior team has expressed the importance of incorporating peacebuilding component in new design as well as on the ongoing program. For this, the team has realized the need for building capacity of other CARE staff and partners to mainstream peacebuilding.
iii) Encourage UJYALO staff and partners to communicate and share experiences
CARE UJYALO program is encouraging collaborating partners, all project staff and partners staff to communicate and share the experiences and learning's of community peacebuilding through email, during training, workshop and meetings. CARE Nepal UJYALO program organized its Extended Program Management Team Meeting (EPMT) from April 3-6, 2007, where knowledge sharing was one of the important sessions, where partners and CARE team share and learn from each other. All the partners appreciated this process of sharing knowledge and experiences by face-to-face method and are encouraged to use this process in their other programs too. In this connection, UJYALO program in partnership with SAMAYA Magazine (fortnightly) is publishing 11 pages articles on publishing effort of community on promoting peace.
iv) Incorporate Peacebuilding Component in New Design
During this period, CARE UJYALO team was also actively involved in the design of new peacebuilding programs. Example “Women and Youth As Pillar of Sustainable Peace” and “Education for Income Generation and Conflict Mitigation in Nepal RFP”. Many key learning’s from UJYALO was incorporated example concept of peace promotion centre, psychosocial trauma healing (learning from save the children, US), mediation (learning from The Asia Foundation), vocational and technical training to displaced youth.
v) Encourage district level story sharing contest and awarding best stories
The story contest was held in the 6 districts in far and mid western region where UJYALO has been implementing it’s program. These districts are Kanchanpur, Kailali, Bardiya, Surkhet, Banke and Dang. The contestants were from 58-peace promotion center initiated by UJYALO program and few are also from community forest user groups. The total numbers of participants were 259. Out of which 10 were men and others were women. The one-day story contest in each district covered welcome program and introduction about knowledge sharing, objective of story contest, judge committee formulation, process briefing, and presentation from contestant, selection of best stories and award and certification. Per district in an average 10 contestants were awarded with best stories.
The participants showed overwhelming responses during the contest, as this was one of the creational activities for them after a long period. It provided them with an opportunity to create and capture their learning on women and peace initiative in the form of stories. The contest also served as a platform for sharing different issues that peace promotion centre have been raising and their approaches in addressing them to wider audience. This provided participants with wider knowledge on women and peace. Due to team’s encouragement, many such women who had expressed difficulty in writing had also participated with great enthusiasm.
The team learned that good learning's could also be captured from those who are simple literate. The simple innovative and non-formal writings should also be given space as these touches people heart and yet give immense learning. The team realized that in the community learning process, lack of qualification was not the barrier for learning.
vi) Peace Promotion Center (PPC) as a Learning Platform
The Peace Promotion Centre is a functional group where women meet and discuss issues that is pertinent for their community to establish sustainable peace every. Women meet once a week for one to four hours. PPC takes a three-fold approach:
(1) Creation of awareness of the member in PPC on the political and peace processes;
(2) Development of advocacy campaigns based on issues that the PPC have identified; and
(3) Development of linkages between the PPC with district-level networks and structures for largerlevel advocacy.
The major objective of PPC is to enhance the capacity of women on peace building and political process and help them identify their issues and build their capacity to advocate addressing those issues. Total 58 PPC are in operation in 6 district (Kanchanpur, Kailali, Surkhet, Bardiya, Banke and Dang districts) through CARE UJYALO. In those PPC altogether 1463 (305 dalit, 560 Janajati and 598 others) women are participating the center. The Local Resource Persons (LRPs) are mobilized in 58 PPC. LRP after the training provided by CARE, return to their communities and facilitate the formation of PPC with the support of the communities. Each group in the PPC will be active for 16-weeks duration with meetings/discussion and sharing of learning’s taking place. Each PPC comprises of twenty-five members of poor, vulnerable and socially excluded households. LRPs facilitate the groups and they will orient the PPC members on issues related to the constituent assembly, democracy, civic and voters’ education, community peace, rights issues, political rights (e.g. right to information), promulgated electoral laws, UNSCR 1325, The LRP facilitate a series of meetings and discussions in the PPC and help support their prioritization of key issues in their communities. The PPC plan appropriate initiatives to address the prioritize issue in the form of campaign, awareness, meetings with concern stakeholders at the community level. These prioritized issues needing larger advocacy and lobbing will be linked to the work of the pressure groups at the district level.
With the KS initiative, 58 PPCs were liked with different local media like “Suklaphata FM” in Kanchanpur, “Sorgadwari FM” in Dang, “Godagodi FM” in Kailali and “Bageshowari” FM in Banke. Local FM aired the initiatives taken by women out. Many progresses have been recorded. For example, in Surkhet, women have come together to elect all women political representative of different parities from one constituency. In Kailali, women were successful in fighting for equal wage for equal work. In Dang, women who were not successful in receiving citizenship, with support from PPC succeeded to receive citizenship. In Banke, women grouped together to demolish caste discrimination in Pitmari village and declared a model village with full % children enrolment in school, full % of birth registration, full % of citizenship and non-dalit and dalit jointly performing cremation (which was strictly band in their traditional culture). Overall PPC has helped women who were earlier limited inside home production to come out in front of large mass and political leaders to put forward their voices, their issues and their concerns. They put forward their concerns about the constituent assembly process, women political representatives, % of seats allocated for women leaders. Therefore, PPC has developed overall leadership skills of many women and have helped women to uplift their social position. They have been successful in attaining key decision making level in many sectors which has challenged social power relation in the community. Therefore, the KS initiative supported PPC to widely disseminate their works, learning and good practices of the community in rebuilding through various media interventions.
vii)Developing Women Peace Ambassador
16 young women have been trained in media advocacy, mass communication, and community peace building (UNSCR 1325, human rights, governance, advocacy, social inclusion, women and peace process). These 16 women peace ambassadors work closely with 58 peace promotion centers and other civil society organization and are playing crucial role to raise the voices of communities related to various issue (women and peace process, women’s rights in the constituent assembly, women’s inclusive participation in key decision making at all levels (political, public institutions, natural resource management groups), through various media, wall newspapers from their own districts. Beside this, they also facilitate community-rebuilding process by building trust and relationship in the community. They have been actively supporting community initiatives related to re-integration of IDPs, women involve in arm force (directly and indirectly). They have been taking community voices to different agencies for the necessity of reconciliation needs.
viii) Encourage CARE Nepal Staff to learn about Peacebuilding
CARE UJYALO program will organize one event of presentation to share its progress on knowledge sharing initiative in June 2007. The team will invite interested staff from CO and POs on their own cost to Nepalgunj to participate in one day presentations on “Sharing the learning of CARE UJYALO on peacebuilding”. The team will also invite members of program design team so that the learning’s from this program will be incorporated in new design. Moreover, staff of CARE UJYALO program will incorporate its learning in future CARE program by being actively involve during the new design phase. Some of which has already been accomplished. UJYALO staff contributed actively in the design of new proposals e.g. “Women and Youth As Pillar of Sustainable Peace”, “Education for Income Generation and Conflict Mitigation in Nepal RFP”
ix) Establish website incorporating learning's, stories, manuals to share widely
CARE UJYALO program have prepared a website under the domain of CARE Nepal website incorporating all the learning's, stories, best practices and training manuals to share world wide. The Website has been hosted in the web from 30th of June 2007.
x) Establish website incorporate learning's, stories, manuals to share widely
CARE UJYALO program is prepared a website under the domain of CARE Nepal website to incorporating all the learning's, stories, best practices and training manuals to share world wide. It will be lunched during 1st week of June 2007.
The team also took the opportunity to share peacebuilding learning’s to Michael Drinkwater of CARE ARMU and took him to visit one of the field sites. Michael Drinkwater has committed for sharing opportunity with CARE Srilanka, CARE Bangladesh on peace building, conflict and addressing issues of gender power relations.
The UJYALO team also shared a story on “Lighting the Way to a Legacy of Peace” through icare News published by CARE USA.