While working with the community groups the following practices that produced outstanding results are briefly narrated below for replication:
An effective approach to helping people develop skills is to work experientially with groups or larger communities by providing skills training and then supporting the groups and communities to practice skills. UJYALO worked with existing civil society organizations, like forest user groups and school management committees, and created new community development projects as well, to apply these skills. The training in and practice of planning, implementation, monitoring and maintaining the forest, the school or the culvert enabled members of the groups and committees to learn how to manage conflicts and make decisions inclusively, thereby building trust and harmony.
New groups were especially good at bringing in socially excluded people, where existing groups were not always ready to change their composition to include these people. The lesson is that new groups find it easier to practice social inclusion, and existing groups take longer to change discriminatory practices. UJYALO helped communities organize peace initiatives where community members could come together to raise their confidence and morale during the conflict, but also to address issues which were dividing communities.
- Harmony within groups which are practicing peace building skills, and their ability to help facilitate broader conflict management and reconciliation within will strengthen peace building within communities.
- The social inclusion practice helps institutionalize the proportionate representation in community groups and promote inclusive decision-making process.
- Public auditing/social audit practices maintains high level of transparency in project activities promoting good governance at community level. It also enhances the sense of ownership among the community people over the activities and increased their participation in community activities. On top of that, conflicts regarding the issue of misuse of budget reduce significantly and mutual trust among community people can be enhanced.
- Local resource persons can support mobilization at local level to promote peace and harmony in the society.
- Social inclusion practiced can be institutional in newly formed community groups and existing groups like school and health-post management committee.
- Well-being ranking tool is one of the most effective tool to identify and select poor, vulnerable and socially excluded households for income generation activity program in the local context.
- Sub sector analysis tool can be transferred to the community for institutionalizing the planning and implementation of enterprise development process by ensuring secured livelihood.
- Institutionalization of the practices of allocating group fund by CFUGs as a matching fund for income generation activity for poor and marginalized households of their community develops good social cohesion in the community.
- Small infrastructure activities are proven as an appropriate means to reach to the remote and most conflict affected communities and facilitate peace process in those communities. In the mean time, the infrastructure supports also enhances the access of conflict affected community people to basic services which itself promoted peace and harmony in the communities.
- Review and reflection practices in the form of extended program meeting training and field interactions develops effectiveness in performance and promote good governance among inter and intra group and participatory decision making.
- Well being ranking tool is identified as one of the effective tool to identify and select poor households for income generation activity in the local context. However, targeting to poor for their empowerment is a challenging job as this process demands transformation in power relations.
- It is important to linking issues from peace promotion center to macro level to influence policy.
- Case stories documentation and its dissemination is helpful and should become the part of knowledge sharing approach.
- Tri-partite agreement between implementing organization, local partner organization and community groups to implement program enhances the capacity of community members in program planning, implementation and monitoring.
- Maximizing inter-IP coordination was a good examples of synergy and coordination, particularly in the area of school support.
- Social inclusion in the different local group structures of the program beneficiaries has been one of the best practices of the program which is primarily done to reduce the conflict triggered by inequalities/discriminations at the community level.
- Extended program management team (EPMT) meeting is useful for the collaborative development activities because this has been a forum for the review and reflection of the program activities.
- Public auditing/social auditing has been an important exercise in the communities for ensuring the transparency and accountability.
- Women involved in PPCs as well as other community group have raised a number of issues related to women, peace, and political participation.
- The use of well-being ranking, with the involvement of local people belonging to the cross-section of the population through the identification and use of their own local parameters, has been developed as an important tool for the identification of real target households (of poor/marginalized/excluded) for the IGA program intervention.